His Excellency Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Doctor of Laws
Fernando Henrique Cardoso served as president of the Federative Republic of Brazil from 1995 to 2003. He is a sociologist and the author of several books on social change and development in Brazil and Latin America.
Cardoso holds a degree in sociology from the University of Sao Paulo, where he later taught from 1952 to 1964. After the country’s 1964 coup d’etat, he was persecuted for his efforts to improve public education and modernize the university. He continued his academic career in exile, living in Chile and France before returning to Brazil in 1968. Before becoming president, he held several other positions in the Brazilian government, serving as a state senator, minister of foreign affairs, and minister of finance.
Cardoso has taught at universities in Chile, England, France, and the U.S., and he founded the Centro Brasileiro de Analise e Planejamento, which became an important center for research on Brazilian politics and culture. He is past president of the International Sociological Association and holds honorary degrees from more than 20 universities.